Osnovne stvari iz gramatike (3.razred)

1. LIČNE ZAMENICE (PERSONAL PRONOUNS)
jednina množina
1. I – JA 1. WE- MI
2. YOU – TI 2. YOU – VI
3. HE – ON 3. THEY – ONI, ONE, ONA
SHE – ONA
IT – ONO
2. TO BE – BITI potvrdni oblik
jednina množina
1. I AM – ja sam 1. WE ARE – mi smo
2. YOU ARE – ti si 2. YOU ARE – vi ste
3. HE IS – on je 3. THEY ARE – oni/one/ona su
SHE IS – ona je
IT IS – ono je / to je
upitni oblik
jednina množina
1. AM I? – da li sam ja? 1. ARE WE? – da li smo mi?
2. ARE YOU? – da li si ti? 2. ARE YOU? – da li ste vi?
3. IS HE? – da li je on? 3. ARE THEY? – da li su oni/one/ona?
IS SHE? – da li je ona?
IS IT? – da li je ono/to?
odrični oblik
jednina množina
1. I AM NOT (I’M NOT) – ja nisam 1. WE ARE NOT (WE AREN’T) – mi nismo
2. YOU ARE NOT (YOU AREN’T) – ti nisi 2. YOU ARE NOT (YOU AREN’T)-vi niste
3. HE IS NOT (HE ISN’T) – on nije 3. THEY ARE NOT (THEY AREN’T)-oni/one nisu
SHE IS NOT (SHE ISN’T) – ona nije
IT IS NOT (IT ISN’T) – ono/to nije

3. HAVE GOT – IMATI (POSEDOVATI)
potvrdni oblik
jednina množina
1. I HAVE GOT – ja imam 1. WE HAVE GOT – mi imamo
2. YOU HAVE GOT – ti imaš 2. YOU HAVE GOT- vi imate
3. HE HAS GOT – on ima 3. THEY HAVE GOT- oni/one imaju
SHE HAS GOT- ona ima
IT HAS GOT – ono ima
upitni oblik
jednina množina
1. HAVE I GOT? – da li ja imam? 1. HAVE WE GOT? – da li mi imamo?
2. HAVE YOU GOT? – da li ti imaš? 2. HAVE YOU GOT? – da li vi imate?
3. HAS HE GOT? – da li on ima? 3. HAVE THEY GOT? – da li oni/one imaju?
HAS SHE GOT? – da li ona ima?
HAS IT GOT? – da li ono ima?

odrični oblik
jednina množina
1. I HAVEN’T GOT – ja nemam 1. WE HAVEN’T GOT – mi nemamo
2. YOU HAVEN’T GOT – ti nemaš 2. YOU HAVEN’T GOT- vi nemate
3. HE HASN’T GOT – on nema 3. THEY HAVEN’T GOT- oni/one nemaju
SHE HASN’T GOT- ona nema
IT HASN’T GOT – ono nema

 

 

4. CAN – MOĆI, UMETI potvrdni oblik
SUBJEKAT + CAN + GLAGOL Ovde smo kao primer uzeli glagol swim, umesto njega možemo da pišemo bilo koji drugi glagol.
jednina množina
1. I CAN SWIM – ja umem da plivam 1. WE CAN SWIM – mi umemo da plivamo
2. YOU CAN SWIM – ti umeš da plivaš 2. YOU CAN SWIM – vi umete da plivate
3. HE CAN SWIM – on ume da pliva 3. THEY CAN SWIM – oni/one umeju da plivaju
SHE CAN SWIM – ona ume da pliva
IT CAN SWIM – ono ume da pliva

upitni oblik
jednina množina
1. CAN I SWIM? – da li umem da plivam? 1. CAN WE SWIM? – da li mi umemo da plivamo?
2. CAN YOU SWIM? – da li ti umeš da plivaš? 2. CAN YOU SWIM? – da li vi umete da plivate?
3. CAN HE SWIM? – da li on ume da pliva? 3. CAN THEY SWIM? – da li oni/one umeju da plivaju?
CAN SHE SWIM? – da li ona ume da pliva?
CAN IT SWIM? – da li ono ume da pliva?
odrični oblik
jednina množina
1. I CAN’T SWIM – ja ne umem da plivam 1. WE CAN’T SWIM – mi ne umemo da plivamo
2. YOU CAN’T SWIM – ti ne umeš da plivaš 2. YOU CAN’T SWIM – vi ne umete da plivate
3. HE CAN’T SWIM – on ne ume da pliva 3. THEY CAN’T SWIM – oni/one ne umeju da plivaju
SHE CAN’T SWIM – ona ne ume da pliva
IT CAN’T SWIM – ono ne ume da pliva

5. THERE IS – IMA, POSTOJI, NALAZI SE (koristimo za jedninu)
There is a boy in the garden. Dečak se nalazi u bašti.
THERE ARE – IMA, POSTOJI, NALAZE SE(koristimo za množinu)
There are boys in the garden. Dečasi se nalaze u bašti.
THERE ISN’T – NE NALAZI SE
There isn’t a boy in the garden. Dečak se ne nalazi u bašti.
THERE AREN’T – NE NALAZE SE
There aren’t boys in the garden. Dečasi se ne nalaze u bašti.
IS THERE? – DA LI SE NALAZI?
Is there a boy in the garden? Da li je dečak u bašti? ( da li se nalazi?)
ARE THERE? – DA LI SE NALAZE?Are there boys in the garden? Da li su dečaci u bašti? (da li se nalaze?)

6. IZRAŽAVANJE PRIPADNOSTI

Ako želimo da kažemo da nešto nekome pripada koristimo ‘S posle imenice kojoj nešto pripada.

npr: Jack’s book – Džekova knjiga
Polly’s ball – Polina lopta

Ako je imenica kojoj nešto pripada u množini onda dodajemo samo apostrof ‘S:

npr: sisters’ book – sestrine knjige

 

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Conditionals

CONDITIONALS

 I) PREVEDI REČENICE

  1. Kad bi ti ustala rano, bila bi tačna.
  2. Doći ću na žurku, ako me pozoveš.
  3. Kupiću knjigu ako je nađem negde.
  4. Kada bi radio domaći posle škole, uveče bi bio slobodan.
  5. Šta bi uradio kad bi zakasnio za školu?
  6. Nećemo držati sastanak ako ona ne dođe.
  7. Ako ideš u bioskop, gledaćeš dobar film.
  8. Ako hoćeš da budeš dobar novinar, moraš da imaš talenat.
  9. Da li bi vozio automobil, kad ne bi imao dozvolu?
  10. Kupila bih karte, kada bih imala vremena.
  11. Ako ne slušaš, ništa nećeš da naučiš.

 II) PUT THE CORRECT TENSE

1.      If I ___________ (think) about you, I would say.

2.      She’ll be happy, if she _________(get) better marks.

  1. If I knew what was going on, I ________(tell) you.
  2. What ____you ____(do), if you won million dollars?
  3. I would understand an Englishman, if he ________(speak) more slowly.
  4. If she ________(invite) him to the party, he will bring his girlfriend.
  5. If it rains, we __________(not go) to the party.
  6. She’ll ask for some money if she _________(want) to buy that dress.
  7. We won’t hold a meeting, unless she _______(come).
  8. If you gave me your phone number, I__________ (call) you.

Okružno takmičenje test

 

PRACTICE – TENSES

 

  1. Our team ________ ( win ) 9 games since March.
  2. The train _________ ( leave ) at 10:30.
  3. They __________ ( drive ) to Chicago last weekend.
  4. When we _________ ( enter ) the room, the child _____ ( sleep ) in his bed.
  5. I _______ already __________ ( tell ) you twice.
  6. She _______ ( meet ) him last night at the party.
  7. He _________ ( listen ) to a radio now.
  8. Last night, my sister ________ ( have ) a temperature.
  9. I _________ ( try ) to solve the maths problem all night.
  10. Yesterday, while we ________ ( have ) breakfast, a letter _______ ( arrive )
  11. Tom _______ just _______ ( break ) the vase.
  12. He always ________ ( have ) coffee at 11 o’clock.
  13. Paula __________ ( practice ) the piano all day yesterday.
  14. She ________ ( walk ) to work, when I ________ ( see ) her.